Full article with thanks to https://www.homeadvisor.com/r/flooring-material-types/

Your choice of flooring is one of the most important decisions you have to make when it comes to improving your home. The material is an integral part of your interior design. It also determines use, difficulty of installation and maintenance. Before you select, it’s wise to educate yourself on what’s available as well as the benefits and drawbacks of each.

How to Choose Flooring

To choose flooring, it’s best to start by determining what you need. Consider these factors:

  • Room: Some types, like carpet or hardwood, aren’t ideal for every space
  • Family Situation: Young children or pets need spill-proof and scratch-resistant flooring
  • Budget: Price varies widely, so you need to know what you can afford
  • Installation Requirements: Some materials need an underlayment or pad, which may cost extra
  • Style: Certain types work better than others to create the right aesthetic
  • Return on Investment (ROI): Higher cost or quality often means a better long-term investment

Types of Flooring Materials

There are six popular flooring materials used in residential homes, from classic hardwood to eco-friendly laminate. Additionally, there are several other lesser-used types that come with their own benefits. Use the below guide to choose which type or types are best for your space.

1. Hardwood Flooring

Hardwood continues to be the top choice for its great appearance and long-term ROI.

Pros:

  • popular for its visually appeal
  • many varietals available to vary color and style
  • high ROI
  • can be resurfaced every 3-5 years
  • best for shared living spaces

Cons:

  • expensive compared to other top flooring materials
  • can develop scrapes, scratches and dents over time
  • can incur moisture damage

2. Laminate Flooring

Their are several pros and cons of laminate flooring to consider when researching this material.

Pros:

  • lower price than hardwood
  • ease of installation
  • durability
  • variety of colors and styles, like natural wood
  • good for high-traffic areas

Cons:

  • prone to moisture damage
  • difficult to repair
  • not ideal for kitchens or bathrooms

3. Vinyl or Linoleum

Vinyl flooring is not the cheap-looking alternative it used to be. These days, this synthetic flooring for the home is durable and effectively mimic wood, ceramic and stone.

Pros:

  • affordable
  • versatile
  • great for high-traffic areas
  • easy to maintain
  • DIY installation possible

Cons:

  • lower ROI vs. wood or laminate
  • less popular due to appearance

4. Porcelain or Ceramic Tile Flooring

Ceramic and porcelain tile flooring are beautiful options for high-traffic and moisture-prone areas in the home.

Pros:

  • come in a variety of looks and designs
  • durable
  • non-porous or waterproof
  • great for kitchens, bathrooms and entryways

Cons:

  • one of the most expensive options
  • difficult to install
  • can chip and scratch under heavy use

5. Natural Stone Tile Flooring

Natural stone tile is a classic flooring option that includes granite, marble, travertine and sandstone. Some materials, like travertine, are more durable than others. Keep in mind that finishes require different amounts of care. A polished marble surface will show scratches and scuffs more easily than a tumbled one, for example.

Pros:

  • durable
  • insulated for warmth
  • comes in many styles, colors and shapes
  • great for radiant heating
  • eco friendly
  • good for homes with kids and/or pets

Cons:

  • one of the most expensive options
  • can easily chip or scratch
  • some stone tile types are porous
  • expensive repairs

6. Carpet

Carpet remains a favorite for many homeowners, especially for bedrooms.

Pros:

  • cost-effective
  • soft and warm on feet
  • multiple colors and designs available
  • great for soundproofing
  • stain-resistant varieties exist

Cons:

  • difficult to maintain – professional cleaning recommended at least once a year
  • can absorb smells
  • not great for homes with pets
  • not recommended for moisture-prone areas: kitchen, bathroom

Most Durable Flooring

The most durable hard flooring types are:

  • bamboo
  • travertine
  • vinyl sheet

Best Type of Flooring for Dogs, Cats or Other Pets

The ideal flooring for pets is non-slip porcelain or stone tile. This waterproof surface is less likely to scratch or wear underfoot.

Best Whole House Flooring

If you’re installing the same flooring for the whole house, you’ll probably want solid hardwood or tile. These materials work well in most rooms.

Best Eco-Friendly or Sustainable Flooring Materials

The best recycled flooring materials are bamboo and cork. Cork also provides additional insulation with an R-value about 1.125, the highest of indoor hard surfaces.

Best DIY Floor Coverings

The best DIY option is a floating floor in vinyl or engineered hardwood.

Top Non-Porous Floors

Flooring types with a waterproof, non-porous surface include:

  • porcelain or ceramic tile
  • vinyl
  • concrete

Easiest to Install or Maintain

Vinyl plank or sheet is the easiest to install or maintain. All you need to do is sweep it regularly and mop on occasion.

Prettiest Flooring

The prettiest flooring has a lot of character and comes in hardwood, natural stone tile or terrazzo.

Best Old Flooring Types

If you need to match old flooring in a home, look for solid hardwood or natural stone tile. These styles have been popular for centuries.

Fire-Resistant Flooring

The flooring types most likely to resist fire are stone or porcelain tile. They don’t burn or melt except at very high temperatures.

Top Material for Soundproofing

Cork or carpet are ideal options for soundproofing. Many homeowners prefer this for rooms like a young child’s play area or recording studio.

Best Flooring for Radiant Heat

The best flooring for radiant heating has a thickness of 0.375 inches to 0.5 inches in these materials:

  • natural stone tile
  • ceramic or porcelain
  • laminate
  • engineered hardwood

Most Resilient for Kids

The most resilient flooring for kids is carpet or vinyl. Children are more likely to spill or scratch surfaces, and these products can be easier to maintain.

Top Flooring for Elderly or Disabled People

The best flooring for people with limited mobility is rubber or low-pile carpet. These materials are soft and non-slip.

Best for Resale Value

Hardwood or tile are the ideal flooring choices for resale value. Hardwood in particular can have an ROI as much as 70% to 80%.

Top Non-Slip Industrial or Commercial Flooring

The best non-slip industrial or commercial flooring includes:

  • carpet with low loops
  • laminate
  • concrete with an epoxy coating

Best Types of Floating Floors

a floating floor is one where the boards are not nailed or glued to the subflooring beneath it. Laminate is the most popular floating floor material, but other planks can be used. Floating floor materials are durable and relatively easy to install.

  • Laminate
  • Engineered hardwood
  • Vinyl plank

Best Flooring Options for Every Room

Bathroom or Kitchen Flooring

The best flooring for bathrooms or kitchens is tile or vinyl. These materials also go well in the mudroom.

Living Room Flooring: Hardwood or Carpet

Hardwood or carpet are the best flooring choices for the living room. They offer comfort and style without compromising durability.

Dens or Family Room Flooring Ideas

When you choose flooring for the den or family room, consider vinyl or carpet. These provide an ideal balance of comfort and durability.

Durable Entryway or Foyer Flooring

Tile or vinyl are the most durable flooring options for entryways and foyers. They are waterproof and scratch resistant.

Best Kinds of Flooring for Laundry Rooms

The best flooring for laundry rooms are vinyl or tile. These types can handle higher humidity and spills without warping or bleaching.

Best Floor for Stairs or Hallways

Carpet or hardwood are the most appropriate choices for stairs and hallways because they are easier to cut to unusual sizes.

Good Flooring for Bedrooms: Carpet or Cork

Good flooring for bedrooms is a soft and warm material like carpet or cork.

Offices

Laminate and low-pile carpet make great options for home offices. They are durable, stain-resistant and ideal for high-traffic.

Basement Floors

The best basement flooring types are tile, laminate or engineered hardwood. These materials handle higher moisture better than hardwood and can be installed on a concrete subfloor.

Garage Floors

The best option for this room is concrete. Installing garage floor coatings or garage tiles helps provide a non-slip surface that is easy to clean.

Outbuildings: Barn and Shed Flooring

The most durable flooring options for outbuildings are concrete or pressure-treated wood. These materials are moisture-resistant and hardy in hot or cold weather.

Outdoor Flooring Types

If you need to install outdoor flooring, your best bet depends on location:

  • Deck: Pressure-treated wood for price and selection
  • Patio or Driveway: Concrete for durability
  • Covered Porch: Indoor/outdoor carpet for comfort

Full article with thanks to https://www.homeadvisor.com/r/flooring-material-types/